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The Goddards and Ilkeston Brass Band

The Goddard family

In the second house lived Mr. John Goddard, a machinist at Carrier’s.

John Goddard, lacemaker son of Jonathon and Kitty (nee Daykin), was one of at least ten children and married Ruth Brown in April 1830. His wife was one of at least eight children of Thomas, stockingweaver, and Ann (nee Rawdin) and thus sister of John Rawdin whom we met in Burr Lane.

He had three sons and one daughter.

The Goddard children
John and Ruth had at least 12 children — the first two, both daughters, born before the couple were married.

—  Catherine Goddard alias Brown married draper’s assistant Norman Straw in 1855 and went to live in Extension Street.

—  Ann Goddard alias Brown married sinker maker Elijah Trueman in November 1849. He died on October 14th 1860.

Gap alert!!
Did widow Ann marry labourer William Henry Gibson in 1877?
If so then she lived the rest of her life at Back Lane off Heanor Road, and died in 1906, aged 76.

—  John, the eldest son, worked at Ball’s, and became the first landlord of the Anchor Inn, Market Street. 

We shall meet lacemaker son John when we stop in Market Street.

—  Aged 19, daughter Hannah gave birth to her illegitimate son Joseph on August 23rd 1852 but he died, five months later, on January 20th 1853 from ‘convulsions and water in the head’. He was an ‘enfeebled’ child and an inquest was informed by Dr. George Blake Norman that his condition could have been due to the habitual use of laudanum which the child had been given from three weeks after his birth. Hannah produced an unlabeled bottle and argued that she had been persuaded by neighbours to dose Joseph with laudanum to relieve his pain, not knowing the possible effects of doing so. Once more a general caution was issued to shopkeepers to label clearly bottles containing poisons and harmful substances.
Just over one year after Joseph’s death Hannah married tailor George Brannan (sometimes as Branham) on February 27th 1854 and went to live the rest of her life in Nottingham.

—  Mary was one month old when she died in September 1835.

—  Fanny gave birth to at least two illegitimate daughters before she married coalminer Thomas Lacey in August 1869.
The first of these was Ellen Goddard, born in 1860 and who, on Christmas Day 1879, married butcher William Henry Hardyman of Little Hallam, living close to the Bull’s Head Inn.
On the date of the 1881 Census (the night of Sunday April 3rd) Ellen was at the family home, shared with her parents-in-law, fellmonger Frederick and Jane (nee Kirchen), brother-in-law Frederick junior, and ten-month-old daughter Millicent Eva Hardyman.
Question; But where was husband William Henry?
Answer; He was in the police cells at the Town Hall in the Market Place, (at 2A Market Place).
On the Saturday evening, about 11 o’clock, he had had a visit at his shop from Charles Haslam, Ilkeston’s Inspector of Nuisances — the latter accompanied by three police officers. They had come to seize some ‘diseased meat’. The butcher denied this charge and to prove his point picked up a piece of kidney — (he was later violently sick!!)
Leaving Constable Smith to guard the rest of the offending meat in the shop, Sergeant Handley, Constable Ashton and Charles Haslam paid a visit to William Henry’s slaughter house, close by. When they returned Smith had been thrown out of the shop and the butcher was now inside, behind a locked door, armed with a saw, and threatening anyone who tried to enter.
Well try they did!!
An entry was forced and the result was an asaualt upon Smith and Ashton.
William Henry was carted off to the police cells and on Monday appeared at Heanor Petty Sessions where he was fined £1 with 10s costs.

Fanny’s other illegitimate daughter was Harriett Goddard who on June 14th 1881 married Chapel Street grocer Samuel Smith, a first cousin of George Clay Smith. At her marriage Harriet named her father as ‘John Neal, publican’.
(Samuel had previously been married to Betsy Hollis (nee Solomon alias Charlesworth) who had died on October 5th 1880)
The family continued to keep a grocer’s shop at 1 and 2 Chapel Street into the next century.

After a short spell in Eastwood Thomas and Fanny Lacey settled back in North Street and then Byron Street where they both died at Number 15; Fanny on October 20th 1909 and Thomas on November 27th 1919.

—  Lacemaker William Rawdin married Maria Ball, eldest child of Francis and Eliza (nee Meakin)  on July 19th 1859 and by the end of the century were settled at 23 Wood Street where they remained – and died….. William Rawdin on June 24th 1924 and Maria on March 19th 1923.
They are buried together in Park Cemetery (grave number 10081), next to that of their daughter Annie May who had married Arthur Reuben Johnson.

—  George and Isaac worked at Carrier’s for some time, but both were very musical, and succeeded in gaining appointments in the Duke of Devonshire’s Band at Buxton.
George became the conductor of the band, holding that position for many years.

In August 1853 the Ilkeston Brass Band entertained the Rutland Lodge of Nottingham Oddfellows at their anniversary meeting where ‘George Goddard…. a lad about ten years, performed with great taste a solo on the cornopean’. (NG)
In the early 1860’s George was a piano tuner in North Street.
Later in the 1860’s he left to settle in Buxton where he married Emma Vickers and raised a family.
In 1868 he started a business as a music dealer with £120, and by 1888 was trading at No. 1 Devonshire Colonade.
In that latter year his financial situation was exceedingly precarious and resulted in an appearance at the Stockport Bankruptcy Court. By then he was supporting a wife and nine children, aged 17 to one year. His income was revealed as £75 per year while his expenditure was £156, … not a sustainable situation, especially as his liabilities were five times his assets !!
George died in Buxton in 1915.
From 1881 to about 1885  he was the conductor of the band which played daily at the Buxton Pavilion and Gardens, played the violin there and made out the band’s music.

 —  Gap alert! What happened to son Isaac Goddard?

 —  Ruth, the daughter, was a very popular singer. She married Mr. Harry Beaumont, who was for many years organist at St. Mary’s Church.

There is more detail on Ruth and her husband Harry on the next page.

—  Ruth’s elder twin sister Mary, died in 1855, aged 1. Another child died in 1848 after two hours of life.

Ilkeston Brass Band

The Ilkeston Brass Band was held in high esteem by the Pioneer which in 1857 enquired “where is there a country band to equal that of Ilkeston?”
The newspaper had learned that the musical ensemble had recently acquired a serious debt after a purchase of new music, triangles, cymbals etc. and prefaced its public appeal for donations with a eulogy to the group.
“Who, among our 7000 inhabitants, has not frequently been captivated by its dulcet and enlivened strains? Do not townsmen and strangers alike bear testimony to the high musical skill displayed in the performances of the Ilkeston Band?”

A few months later and the same newspaper was floating the idea that the band should extend its practice venues.
The musicians had been frequenting the town’s taverns and playing to the clientele therein. Perhaps there was a hint of self-interest in this choice of venue?….it is said that one Vicar of St. Mary’s, James Horsburgh, referring to the band a few years later, remarked that it and the bell-ringers ‘would drink ale until it came out of their boot-tops’.
The Pioneer suggested that the group should play on the Cricket Ground to a wider, more diffuse audience which would doubtless pay “to a general fund for the use of the band, as some compensation for the satisfaction they had thus enjoyed”. It felt that the experience would be morally uplifting for the town’s population.
And almost at the same time the band did indeed begin to play at the Cricket Ground venue, every Monday evening, weather permitting.

Lacemaker John Goddard of  North Street was a member of the band for many years and bandmaster since about 1853.
On his death in January 1877 the Pioneer referred to him as ‘the father of music’ in Ilkeston and one of the principal promoters of the band. His funeral at St. Mary’s Church was attended by all the band’s members.
Four of his sons, at one time or another, played in the band.

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Ilkeston Brass Band members, 1864, as recalled by an Old Resident (1917)…

James Baker, lacemaker of Chapel Street, sons James (born 1839), Matthew (1844) and Aaron (1847).
Frederick Flint, tailor of Lawn Road.
Brothers John and William Rawdin Goddard, lacemakers and two of John Goddard’s sons.
Alfred George Branham, son of George and Hannah (nee Goddard) and nephew of the brothers Goddard.
Weaver Row resident, lacemaker Henry Harrison (big drum).
John Phillips, mining contractor, and Amos Boam, miner.
Samuel Aldred, lacemaker, for many years of Spring Garden Terrace. He later became leader and retired in 1876. On his retirement, after a 30 year career, a party was held at the Prince of Wales in Bath Street where he was presented with an ink stand with a walnut surround, inscribed …
“Presented by the Ilkeston Brass Band to S. Aldred, late bandmaster, January 22nd 1876”.

Joining later were….
George Goddard, lacemaker and a younger brother of the same Goddards. (cornopean)
Henry (Harry) Isaac Goddard, son of Catherine Goddard (who later married Norman Straw) and nephew of the Goddard brothers.

At the time of his recollections in 1917, Old Resident thought that William Rawdin Goddard was the only member of the band surviving: he died on June 4th 1924 at 23 Wood Street, aged 84, just over a year after his wife, Maria (nee Ball), died at the same address, and also aged 84.

Old Resident was present when the Band played to celebrate the end of the Crimean War, 1856. The players were accommodated in a farmer’s wagon, painted blue, which stood ‘on the junction’, now part of the Market Place.

In 1877 members of the band were kitted out in a new military-style uniform which made its debut appearance at the General Havelock Inn when the band played for the ‘Prince of Wales’ Lodge (G.U.O.)



As so often in Ilkeston, we find ourselves walking once more upwards — this time to High Street


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