Francis Sudbury moves in

When Queen Street was opened, on the north side was the Baptist Chapel, built in 1858.

Traffic warning!  Monday 2pm. April 9th 1883. Builder Frederick Shaw of the Manor House at the bottom of Bath Street left his light cart, attached to a young horse, outside the Baptist Chapel only to discover it gone when he returned. The horse had taken fright, sped up South Street across the Market Place and down Bath Street. Presumably a ‘homing’ horse! On reaching the Rutland Hotel it collided with a pillar box, the latter breaking in two, littering letters indiscriminately. The horse then came to rest within sight of its stable and with just a few spokes missing from one wheel of the trap. Runaway horses were a fairly common traffic hazard at this time!!

The south side was clear until Mr. Francis Sudbury bought the upper part, (that is, the part nearest South Street)

At that time the Sudbury family lived in the old white house opposite Weaver Row, and their warehouse or room for taking in the hose made by outside frame workers was a detached room against the house. This room was afterwards Mr. Sudbury’s butchers shop, later on it became Jacob Hawkins’ Cycle Store.

When Queen Street was opened, Mr. Francis Sudbury senior, father of  the late Francis Sudbury, first Mayor of Ilkeston, bought a piece of land in the new street.

The part fronting South Street was kept for many many years as a potato patch. Afterwards Mr. G. Haslam built a house on (the potato patch). (This was Euclid House built in 1884).

On the lower parts (Francis Sudbury) built a small two-storied factory at the front, while the back part had a small building for a warehouse and office.
These buildings were the beginning of the business of F. Sudbury and Sons, afterwards changed to C. and F. Sudbury. Some years ago these two buildings were converted into cottages.

William Topliss, who was formerly a teacher at the British School, was their first clerk.

William Toplis was born in South Street on September 30th 1844, the second illegitimate son of Mary Hackett Daykin Toplis — her first one had died, unnamed, aged five weeks, on March 1st 1843.

William served as a pupil teacher at the British School in Bath Street before being employed as a book-keeper by Sudbury & Son. He was an unfortunate victim of the smallpox outbreak which was recorded in the town in the early autumn of 1866 — even though he had been vaccinated. He died on November 2nd 1866 and was buried in Ilkeston General Cemetery.

The name of his mother was derived from the maiden names of her mother (Ann Daykin) and her maternal grandmother (Mary Hackett). She had a further illegitimate son, Herbert, born on July 30th 1847, who left Ilkeston as a young man to join and work for his uncle John Toplis, who was then a yeast dealer in Oldham. Herbert remained a grocer’s assistant for the rest of his working life and died in Oldham in 1912.

The father of these illegitimate lads — or some of them — might have been house painter William Tunnicliffe, who had lived in South Street with his wife Mary (nee Rogers). The couple had several children before Mary died in July 1843 at the relatively young age of 31.

William was certainly the father of Mary Daykin’s fourth illegitimate son — Arthur Daykin, whose birth registration records ‘William Tunnicliffe, painter’ as the father.


Also on the Sudbury land was the cottage occupied by his worker John Fish.