The Carrier family

After the Columbine house, Adeline of course remembers that the next (house) was occupied by Mr. Henry Carrier, senr., the founder of Henry Carrier & Sons, his four sons and one daughter. (house 6 on the East Street map )

By 1855/56 the Carriers held interests in several properties fronting onto East Street as well as those at the top (south end) of Bath Street. They also held garden land, orchards, workshops, factories, a lace warehouse and outbuildings behind these properties.

Some of this property had existed for several decades. For example, previously owned by coal master Samuel Potter the Carrier family came into possession of two copyhold premises in East Street in early 1851.

One had been a chandler’s shop and was now a bakery and house lived in by Frederick Hodgkinson who in 1850 had married Eliza Mason, the daughter of chandler Moses and Sarah (nee Lings). Perhaps that was when the conversion to a bakery occurred.

The other was lived in by Henry Carrier senior and after his death in 1852, by his son Samuel.

However Henry senior had erected one of the Bath Street shops used by his son Joseph, as well as the lace warehouse and a new hosiery factory on land behind the shops.

The Carriers were members of the Wesleyan Methodist society. Henry Carrier senior, son of John and Esther (nee Woolin) was one of the first superintendents of their Sunday school, as well as a class-leader, steward and trustee of the Church.

In February 1802 Henry Carrier senior married Elizabeth Smith, a daughter of joiner Jervas and Elizabeth (nee Chevin) and the sister of Dorothy Smith. The latter had married baker and victualler John Hives in 1801 and their son, Thomas Hives, was to be the landlord at the Rutland Arms Hotel.

Henry and Elizabeth Carrier had at least seven children — understandably Adeline counts only five as the other two died well before she was born.

1…..First son Henry died in infancy in 1803.

2…..”Henry junior, the eldest, went to Nottingham to manage the Mount Street Warehouse,
Henry Carrier, of Mount Street, Nottingham, married in middle life Mrs. Gadd a widow, who had a life interest in Gadd’s factory, Peveril Street, Nottingham.”

Born in 1806, lace and hosiery manufacturer Henry junior (the second) was the oldest surviving son of Henry senior and Elizabeth (nee Smith) and senior partner in the firm of Henry Carrier & Sons. He married Frances Gadd (nee Bucknall), widow of lacemaker John, in 1858 when he was aged 52 and she was 60. At that time the address of the family firm was at 6 Mount Pleasant, Mount Street, Nottingham, though the couple lived at Peveril Street, Sherwood. Frances died there in March 1866 and Henry in September 1881, though he was returned to Ilkeston by his sister-in-law Jane (nee Attenborough) widow of Joseph Carrier, to be buried in Ilkeston General Cemetery.

3 and 4….”William and Samuel were bachelors and managed the Ilkeston business.
William and Samuel being with their father in the East Street Warehouse and the factory in Bath Street.

Mr. William Carrier died in 1858 or 9, leaving his brother Sam sole master. When Sam died in 1866 my father became manager for the Ilkeston branch and remained as such until 1879, when he severed his connection with the firm and started in business as a lace manufacturer in Stoney Street, Nottingham.”
William died unmarried in February 1858 at his East Street residence, aged 43 “to the deep regret of a large circle of friends, by whom he was greatly and deservedly respected”. (IP)
At his death his estate was divided between his three brothers and his nephew Henry MacDonald.

William’s brother, Samuel, was also unmarried and was initially a junior partner in the firm.
A résumé of his life, printed in the Pioneer (Feb 2nd 1865) explained that at the age of about 18 he had a religious conversion when he was ‘truly awakened by the Spirit of God to a sense of his sinfulness‘. He seems to have changed his outer life, sought forgiveness for his sins and joined the Church of Christ.
He was a teacher in the Sunday school and then, like his father, a superintendent, an office which he held until his death. In that role he was unconventional but well-liked by his students and took the school on to great success through his innovation, zeal and energy.

One of his projects was the home mission scheme, whereby nearly 100 young men of promise were sent out to convert sinners but which proved only partially successful. Samuel however always felt unqualified and uncomfortable in the roles of both class-leader and preacher, roles which he preferred to allow others to fill.
The laying of the foundation stone for the new South Street Wesleyan schoolrooms in 1864 and the building’s progress towards completion were witnessed by Samuel, perhaps justifiably so, as he had worked so hard for its establishment. However he did not live to see the building work finished nor the school opened.

In 1865 Samuel had been working in London and then in Nottingham and in both places complained of feeling unwell. He recovered however and on Sunday January 15th he was working in his role as superintendent and chapel steward as well as taking his place in the church choir.
The next day saw him back working at the firm’s Mount Street hosiery warehouse in Nottingham where, on Wednesday, he suddenly became ill. Taken to the nearby house of his friend, Frederick William Goddard, in Mount Pleasant, he was attended by his warehouse manager, John Columbine, and others, but he died there a short time later. This was Friday, January 20th and Samuel was aged 46.

“The people of Ilkeston have lost a friend in the death of our late brother. Perhaps no man in the town was so well known and so highly respected. He was thoroughly a public man, and no doubt the multiplicity of his engagements drew too largely upon his physical constitution, and hastened his end”.

Samuel’s body was returned to Ilkeston on the same day as his death. On the following Sunday a funeral service was held at South Street Wesleyan Chapel which, as the Pioneer reported, was ‘crowded to excess’, with a congregation of over 1000 and with hundreds of people waiting outside. The funeral procession then proceeded to Stanton Road Cemetery for the burial which was witnessed by about 4000 people. (the Pioneer’s estimate).

5……”Joseph, the youngest son had the grocery and drapery business in Bath Street. (He) married Miss Jane Attenborough, sister of the late Isaac Attenborough, landlord of the Sir John Warren Inn”.

We have already met Joseph in Bath Street.

6….”The daughter married Mr. Macdonald. She died in early life leaving one son, Henry Macdonald, familiarly called Henry Mac. He married Ellen, the eldest daughter of the late Thomas Hives, for many years landlord of the Rutland Hotel. Henry Mac died in the seventies, leaving a wife and two daughters.”
This daughter was Ann who married Scottish lacemaker John MacDonald in August 1832 but died just over two years later, aged 30, having given birth to son Henry – ‘Henry Mac’.
Henry MacDonald had a partnership with H. Carrier & Son but this was dissolved in 1865 when he was leaving the country. (See the Rutland Arms).

7…… And Ann’s sister Eliza died in 1837 aged 25.

We are now almost opposite the Wine Vaults and now at Carrier properties where several of their workers lived.