The King’s Head

saying goodbye to the Marshall family….

Warning for pedestrians!!

Writing in the Ilkeston Pioneer of 1854 a ‘Ratepayer’ complained of little urchins obstructing streets and footpaths, playing games there and forcing others out into the gutters to get by. These juvenile offenders caused some people to fall, frightened horses and held up carriages.
Obviously getting into his stride, ‘Ratepayer’ then moved on to rail against the groups of young men, congregating on the streets, on Sundays, especially at the Toll-bar, at the top of Bath Street and around the Market Place close to Pimlico, near the King’s Head corner.
The solution to this latter nuisance, proposed by the editor of the Pioneer, was for the church and chapel ministers of all denominations to draw up a rota, taking it in turns to go out onto the Market Place each Sunday to preach the word of the Lord.…
“the evil complained of will...quickly disappear under the potent influence of the ‘gospel sound’’.

We now follow Adeline where she points out the King’s Head Inn, home to ……

William Woodroffe, landlord, c. late 1830’s to c. 1866.

“At the corner of the Market Place, and Pimlico, was the King’s Head, landlord Mr. Woodruffe.
There were no children.
After Mr. Woodruffe’s death, the widow went to live with her sister, Mrs. Lowe, on Stanton Road. Mrs. Derbyshire senior was also her sister”.

Adeline seems to have tangled up the ‘Woodruffe’ details in her description (above).
Mrs Woodroffe was born Maria Nightingale Simpson, daughter of John and Sarah (nee Nightingale), and who married William Woodruffe in October 1837.
Her husband was landlord of the King’s Head throughout the 1840’s and 1850’s and until about 1866, just before the death of Maria from chronic bronchitis in February 1867, aged 59. (* see the bottom of this page for more information on this Simpson family)

William was then living at 13 Stanton Road, close to his two sisters-in-law, Mary Lowe, widow of Richard, and Sarah Derbyshire, widow of Patrick. Both widows lived at 17 Stanton Road.

On a January late afternoon in 1858 William Woodroffe was walking back from Nottingham, having conducted some business in that city in the morning. He stopped for supper at the King’s Head in Wollaton, home to brothers Thomas and William Burton, washing his meal down with a little ale and a drop of gin and water.
About half past nine in the evening William left the Wollaton house to continue his walk back to Ilkeston and on Trowell Moor was joined by fellow townsmen Patrick Pollard, tinman and brazier, and John Harrison, lacemaker, who were also walking to Ilkeston.
The trio journeyed on to Gallows Inn and were crossing the canal there when an argument seems to have developed.
William accused Patrick of trying to push him off the road, of hitting him with a bludgeon of some kind and of rendering him senseless, while John was egging on Patrick, using very colourful language.
As the alleged assault was taking place a young Stapleford lad, Samuel Richards, was returning home from Ilkeston and saw Patrick strike at William. After a brief conversation the lad hurried to the nearby brickyard of John Wilson and enlisted the help of Charles Beighton, foreman at the brickyard, and labourer William Hallam, both of whom were working there. Together the three found the injured William and he was escorted home to the Market Place in Ilkeston by two of the Good Samaritans.
On their return to Ilkeston, innkeeper William and his two ‘rescuers’ went immediately to confront Patrick at his home where they found him still with John Harrison and not in the best of moods. He was most uncooperative while lacemaker John threatened to re-arrange young Samuel Richard’s teeth. The confrontation seems to have ended when Police Constable Rouse approached.
When they all appeared at Smalley Assizes a few days later, Patrick and John suggested this was a case of self-defence. Despite the fact that none of the other witnesses agreed with them, the defendants argued that innkeeper William was helplessly drunk and they had taken him ‘in charge’ to prevent him from being robbed. As they approached the town William had become belligerent, struck out at Patrick and threatened to push him into the canal. What else could they do but retaliate?
This testimony did not impress the Bench and Patrick and John were each fined 10s with costs; or in default of paying, six weeks in gaol with hard labour.

William Woodroffe died in June 1872, aged 62 – that is, after his wife and not before –and was buried with Maria in the graveyard extension of St. Mary’s Church.

Landlords post-Woodroffe,  c.1866 to 1887

Charles Turton was the next landlord of the King’s Head until July 1877 when the licence was transferred to William Slater, formerly of Queen Street beerhouse in Basford.
Charles eventually moved on to the Nag’s Head beerhouse in South Street.

For sale at auction

In January 1879 the Inn, with its ‘excellent and conspicuous frontage to the Market Place’ and still occupied by William Slater, was put up for sale.

On the ground floor it had a spacious bar, front and back parlours, tap-room, kitchen and dairy, with two large club-rooms on the first floor, with tap-room adjoining, malt and hop-room, and bedroom.

On the second floor there were three other bedrooms and a store-room for wines and spirits.

There were also excellent cellars, a brewhouse and stabling for six horses, a carriage-house, piggeries, and other out-offices and yard.

The Inn as it appeared at the time of the auction. …..

You can probably identify its yard, piggery, stables and carriage-house … which leaves the brewhouse ?
Notice that the Independent Chapel could be accessed via a walk through its old burial ground. The lane to its east — later Burns Street — was at that time a dead-end lane

In June 1880 the inn’s license was transferred from William Slater to Amos Boam, who six years later was almost bankrupt as a result of ‘the great depression in trade’.
Thus in 1887 the license was again transferred, this time to John Wheatley.

Woodroffe’s Croft.

Access to this Croft, a usual site for visiting circuses, could be gained from the rear yard of the King’s Head.

1858 saw the arrival of Monsieur Ginnett’s Mammoth Circus and Matchless Troupe of Equestrians at the field, boasting a circular tent of 120 feet diameter, covering half an acre, lit by handsome chandeliers and seating 4000 spectators.

Prospective members of the audience could look forward to seeing a stud of 70 blood horses and fairy ponies but most importantly, the Bedouin Arab Chief executing Tourbillions, Julliens and Somersaults à terre.

The programme also featured Jeu de Sabres or Sword play, the Tiger Leap and Terrific Lion Leap, Saults Laitland or Moorish Vaulting, the Scarf Leap, Terrific Somersaults, Tours de Fusile, Eastern Rifle Practice, and a variety of other miraculous feats never witnessed before in Ilkeston.

There was an afternoon and evening performance before the troupe moved on to appear at Ripley, Belper and Clay Cross over the next three days.

One can only imagine what some of the town’s folk would make of the arrival of ‘England’s largest and most complete’ Equestrian Wonder as it paraded though the streets at mid-day towards the Croft.

The Pioneer reported that the evening performance was wedged with spectators, leaving hundreds unable to gain admittance.

A few weeks later and the circus was in Derby where disaster nearly struck.
A fire broke out in the attached stables and the flames were moving towards the main tent when the fire brigade arrived. Making use of the readily accessible water, it managed to get the blaze quickly under control such that the people of the county capital were not to be deprived of their equestrian marvel.

The only loss was the dresses kept in the stables.

From the Ilkeston Pioneer August 26th, 1858

Writing in 1891 ‘Kensington’ recalled that “you have seen a circus in old Woodruffe’s Close. You’ll not see another. That and the adjoining fields have been laid out for villa residences, and form the Belgravia of Ilkeston, with its St. Mary’s-street (sic) and Jackson-avenue —  named it is said, after Stonewall Jackson, who is claimed by some of the former owners as a descendant of the Ilkeston Jacksons”.

I do note that in the early years of the nineteenth century the land lying along what was to later be Burns Street was in the hands of the Marshall family and then by marriage into the hands of the Jackson and Gregory families … strange that later two parallel Ilkeston streets should bear these names.


The Simpsons

Maria Nightingale Simpson, the wife of William Woodroffe, was a daughter of farmer John and Sarah (nee Nightingale).

Their first child was Sarah, born in 1801 but who died in April 1803, when her mother Sarah was pregnent. The female child was born four months later and called Sarah. She married William Green, and after his death, Patrick Derbyshire.

The only son was Job Nightingale Simson who was born in 1809 but died in 1814.

Mary Simpson was the youngest of the family, born about 1813. On January 24th 1834, at St. Peter’s Church in Derby she married Richard Lowe, joiner of Hunger Hill. He was the son of joiner and maltster Christopher and Mary (nee Allen) of Nottingham Road.

Both Sarah and Mary spent much of their lives in Stanton Road … and when both were widows they lived together there.


Round the King’s Head corner and into Pimlico … and there stood the Independent Chapel.