Just after Wilton Place and the Woolliscrofts we encounter …
Joseph Fletcher and the Church Mutual Improvement Society.
Adeline points out that “the land in Bath Street and the lower side of New Street was acquired by Mr. Joseph Fletcher, retired lace manufacturer. He built two shops and a house on the land. Mr. Fletcher occupied the house.
Lacemaker Joseph Fletcher was at 82 Bath Street, son of Samuel and Ann (nee Stockley). We shall meet him again when we visit his parents on the west side of Bath Street.
According to the recollections of Old Resident (most probably Edwin Trueman), the idea for the formation of a Church Mutual Improvement Society had been mooted by a group of six young men in May 1871 at the home of Bolton- born scripture reader Thomas Smith at 16 Springfield Terrace.
Their first Society President was the then vicar of St Mary’s Church, James Horsburgh, and members met once a fortnight at the National Schoolrooms on the Old Cricket Ground, next to the church.
‘A circulating library was formed out of the personal possessions of the members who, lent each other their own books’.
Old Resident also lists lectures and discussion subjects from the Society’s 1876 syllabus, including one by Thomas entitled ‘The Cycle, Golden Number, Epact, and Sunday Letter’.
“In addition, there were nights devoted to readings, recitations, etc., with criticisms; and also a Parliamentary night. Many a pleasant and profitable hour I have passed at these weekly meetings forty years and more ago, when, I venture to say, there was a far greater desire than is shown to-day on the part of young men to seek intellectual improvement, in preference to becoming experts at billiards or dexterous manipulators of a pack of cards”.
In September 1878 Joseph Fletcher offered two well-lit rooms in his Station Road premises – previously used as a lace manufactory — to the Church Mutual Improvement Society as a ‘reading room’, to be opened daily from 10am. to 10pm (Saturdays until 11pm). The offer was accepted and after a thorough cleaning and ‘refit’ by the Society members, the rooms were opened at the beginning of the following month.
The larger room, about 30 feet long by 16 feet wide, was to act as the main reading room while a smaller room, 15 feet by 16 feet, would be used for games of chess, draughts, etc., for smoking, and for weekly meetings.
The walls, up to a height of about four feet, were covered with Chinese matting while on the floor cocoa matting was laid, supplied by the Blind Institution of Nottingham. Two dozen chairs, several tables and a number of forms were also provided.
The reading matter included The Daily Telegraph, The Standard, Nottingham Guardian, Sheffield Telegraph, Ilkeston Pioneer, Derby Mercury, The Graphic, Penny Illustrated Paper, English Mechanic, Fun and Judy.
Membership was open to ‘Churchmen’ only, as this was “more likely to ensure the success of the scheme”.
Honorary members – about 30 of the town’s tradesmen and gentlemen – paid an annual subscription of 10s 6d, while ordinary members paid 2d per week.
Patron; His Grace the (sixth) Duke of Rutland. K.G.
Chairman and one of the Vice-Presidents; the Rev. Albert Eubule Evans, Vicar of Kirk Hallam.
The Rev. Albert had lectured on several occasions to the Society members after its formation in May 1871.
For example, in his talk on ‘The Rights and Duties of Women’ in 1876 he did not think that women were intellectually inferior to men, could see no objection to women becoming doctors of medicine, nor to single women exercising the franchise.
In the following year he delivered ‘a most interesting and entertaining lecture’ under the title of ‘Olla Podrida’. This is the name of a Spanish stew but the Rev. Albert was no 19th Century Gordon Ramsey. Instead he took its meaning to be ‘a mixture of varied contents’, or ‘potpourri’, and proceeded to discuss the various elements within the universe, and demonstrated a number of chemical experiments to an appreciative audience in the National School.
A number of such experiments also accompanied the Rev. Albert’s lecture at Shipley National School-rooms on ‘Fire’ just before Christmas Day of 1877.
Albert resigned from the Society in December 1880, in acrimonious circumstances, and in the following month, penned a letter to the Society, as a post-script to his resignation;
“I need hardly assure the Society of my sincere interest in its welfare. If it will but keep to its proper functions, avoiding ‘the questions which gender strife’ and ‘endeavouring to keep the unity of the spirit in the bond of peace’, it can hardly fail to prosper.
“My heart’s desire is that ‘every good and perfect gift’ may rest upon them (i.e. the members)”.
Still the rector of Kirk Hallam in August 1885, Albert was on a visit to Clontarf near Dublin, and was walking on the sands there. He noticed a young boy and a young woman who had charge of him; both had strayed out into the sea and found themselves in serious trouble, drawn by a eddy, into a pool of water about 20 feet deep. The woman had tried to rescue her charge but had become exhausted, such that both were on the point of sinking. Albert had no second thoughts; he dived into the water and brought both to the safety of the bank.
The Rev. Eubule Evans also had a theory (as many at the time did !!) about Jack the Ripper: — “The manner in which the crimes have been perpetrated goes far to prove that the perpetrator is a man of education, and we are driven to a conclusion very different to that at which the police have arrived. It is not in the common lodging-houses of Whitechapel that such a criminal must be caught…. It seems much more likely that he does not live in Whitechapel at all. He is probably a lonely, brooding monomaniac, well provided with money; occupying, very likely, a house by himself. Then, at night he puts on his murder suit, lets himself out with the latch-key, does his deed of horror, and quietly returns home … this is a case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in real life, suggested possibly to some diseased imagination by that very story. The murderer lives two lives, and is saved from detection by the extreme respectability of his every-day life, and by the fact that he has no accomplices of confidants …. His motive being notoriety, he is sure, sooner or later, to give himself up. He wishes to be known as the greatest monster of modern times, and when he has done enough to achieve this fearful object of ambition he will make himself known …(October 1888)
“With the Vigilance Committee in the East End: A Suspicious Character” from The Illustrated London News, 13 October 1888
In January 1888 the Rev. applied for a patent for “the game of drawing-room football” — a forerunner of Subbuteo perhaps ?!
For anyone interested in pursuing Albert’s literary output, you could start here …
At the Circulating Library Author Information: Rev. Albert Eubule Evans
Author: Rev. Albert Eubule Evans (1839–1896)
Alternate Name(s): Roy Tellet (pseudonym)
- The Bond of Honour: A Heart History. 3 vol. London: Bentley, 1870.
- Revealed at Last. 2 vol. London: Bentley, 1873.
- Reclaimed: A Tale. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1879.
- Dazzled: A Tale. 1 vol. London: Houghton & Co., 1882.
- The Professor’s Daughter: A Tale. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1882.
- The Pride of the Village: A Tale. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1884.
- Elma’s Trial. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1886.
- The Christmas Present. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1887.
- The Stepmother’s Will: or, The Two Brothers. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1888.
- The Outcasts: Being Certain Strange Passages in the Life of a Clergyman. 2 vol. Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1888.
- Prince Maskiloff: A Romance of Modern Oxford. 1 vol. London: Sampson Low, 1889.
- Miss Neville’s Discovery. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1889.
- A Message from the Sea. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1890.
- A Draught of Lethe: The Romance of an Artist. 3 vol. London: Smith, Elder, 1891.
- Pastor and Prelate: A Story of Clerical Life. 3 vol. Edinburgh: Blackwood, 1892.
- Cicely’s Mistake: The Story of a Lost Treasure. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1892.
- Second Sight. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1893.
- The Young Pirates: A Story for Boys. 1 vol. London: S. P. C. K., 1894.
In February 1880 the Society acquired a bagatelle board – ‘a source of great attraction’ – donated by Dr. Samuel Armstrong of Dalby House.
In January 1882 membership of the Society was opened up to Non-Conformists although the Committee was still exclusively ‘Churchmen’.
In that same year fund-raising began in earnest, to finance the product of an idea muted in late 1881 … a Church Institute building. An Easter bazaar in 1882 raised nearly £200 and was followed by several generous donations and subscriptions amounting to another £400. Henry James Kilford, architect and Borough Surveyor and an Institute member, offered to provide building plans free of charge, and so … in an Easter Monday blinding snowstorm, 1883, Edward Miller Mundy laid the foundation stone on ‘an awkward plot of land’ in the corner of the Market Place.
And on that same plot, over the following year, arose ‘an unpretentious but substantial brick building, of attractive appearance’ in front of which was ‘ a pretty lawn, bordered with palisades, and at the rear is sufficient space to make a bowling-green’…. all provided at a total cost of £1400 by local builder William Warner.
Inside were rooms for reading, smoking and billiards, a museum and a library, a large lecture room and a coffee tavern.
The formal opening was performed in April 1884 by Lord Egerton of Tatton, a man who had no obvious connection with the town, and as usual on such occasions, evergreen arches were erected, mottoes were displayed, flags were flown, church bells rung and processions formed, while the general public … at least those interested and not at work … looked on. Edwin Trueman had composed a special hymn ‘Creator of the Universe’ which was heartily sung.
Conspicuous by his absence was the Vicar of St Mary’s Church, John Francis Nash Eyre, although in the obligatory speeches made on the day it seems that several oblique references were made to the state of discord within the local congregation at that time.
At that time the eight trustees of the Institute were Henry Hoggard Beaumont, needlemaker Phillip Ellis of Tatham, Ellis & Co., Charles Potts, Edwin Trueman, John Flint Walker, Robert Wood, George Maltby and William Flint.
During 1884 the Institute’s membership grew from 125 to 200.
Church Institute in 2015
The activities of the Institute were many and varied. For example, in October 1887 the Institute’s Billiard team hosted a team from the Eastwood Institute, the visitors arriving a man short !! So one of their players had to play twice — and he was the only one of the side to win !! A convincing win for the ‘home’ players …
… while at the very same time a series of lectures was being arranged, in connection with the Institute. Subjects included “The Moon”, “Prehistoric Man “, ” A Summer’s Ramble through France, Germany and Austria”, “Does the Bible agree with Science?”, and “Coal Tar Colours”, some illustrated by the oxy-hydrogen lantern, and some with digrams or experiments…..
….. and a week later the Ruridecanal Conference of the Ilkeston Deanery was held at the Institute, “a place where young men could find rest the soles of their feet away from those places where drink and drunkenness where frequently too lamentably present” (the Rev Edward Muirhead Evans)
A distinguished visitor
On October 3rd 1888 the Institute was visited by the seventh Duke of Rutland (right) and his wife whilest on a private visit to the home of the Rev. Evans, and after visiting the Parish Church and the National Schools.
Gifts were exchanged. The Duke left with a framed photograph of the Institute while the Duchess promised some of her books for the Institute library.
And then, in January 1891, at the nineteenth annual meeting of the Church Institute, something unprecedented happened; for the first time there was a deficit on the books !! Expenses exceeded income by £10 7s 4d. And the reason ? Entirely from a fall in billiard receipts !!
William Wade, grocer.
Mr. William Wade, grocer, had one shop
In 1871 and 1881 this was 83 Bath Street. About 1887 it was renumbered, to become 96.
Born on May 30th 1830, William Wade was a son of builder Benjamin and Mary (nee Haseldine) of Bath Street and traded in Bath Street as a grocer for over 40 years. (With his twin brother John, they were the youngest children of the family).
He was a member of the Highway Board for two years, and its successor, the Local Board. Onto the latter he was elected in 1866, was its chairman for four years and a member until it was dissolved in 1887. He was subsequently the town’s second mayor, elected in 1888.
He was one of the principal advocates of the purchase of the gas and water undertakings by the town, and also for the carrying out of a complex sewage scheme. (Trueman and Marston).
William was also a churchwarden for the Rev. James Horsburgh. Once when visiting the Rev. on church business he found James in the garden using some wood. Upon asking the vicar what he was doing the latter replied “I am making a gallows upon which to hang all Liberal Churchwardens !”
On the right is an insertion in the Ilkeston Pioneer, December 10th 1857. Benjamin Wade, mentioned at the foot is probably William’s older brother, with whom the latter kept a grocery store in Bath Street in the 1850’s.
On November 29th, 1858 William married Betsy Chapman, daughter of farmer John and Elizabeth (nee Shaw) of Conningsby, Lincolnshire. Betsy died on April 3rd 1891, just two days before the taking of the census. That census shows William’s house at (then) 96 Bath Street full of her visiting and grieving relatives. Among them was 27-year-old Louisa Ann Chapman, the niece of William’s recently deceased wife — a few months later she became William’s second wife when the pair married in London.
In January 1891, an advert had appeared in the local press, posted by William and offering for sale his beef and pork business at the corner of Station Road … and also “offering satisfactory reasons for giving up the business “. Perhaps these were connected with his own personal health or that of his wife (who had not been in good health for some time and was to die very shortly after, on April 2nd)
William died on November 5th, 1893, aged 63, while visiting the Chapman relatives at Mareham-le-Fen in Lincolnshire. For the previous five months he had enjoyed parenthood when Louisa Ann gave birth to their daughter Dorothy Evelyn Wade. For three or four years previous he had suffered a series of ‘paralytic attacks’ which had curtailed his active participation in local public affairs.
William Wade as Mayor of Ilkeston 1888-1889. (courtesy of Ilkeston Reference Library).
Joseph Haynes, ironmonger.
“then Mr. Haynes, ironmonger had the corner shop”.
Born in Alfreton in 1840, watchmaker and ironmonger Joseph Haynes junior was the son of ironmonger Joseph and Grace (nee Ridge) and as a young man went to Leeds to learn his trade … on the 1861 census he is boarding with Benjamin Jefferies, watchmaker and silversmith of Wellington Street. In the same area of that city was the Starkey family of West Street … cloth dresser William, wife Mary and daughter Ann.
Joseph and Ann found (or had found) each other … perhaps the fact that Joseph’s employer and landlord Benjamin was already married to Ann’s older sister Eliza had something to do with that.
In 1863 Joseph and Ann married in Leeds and within the year had settled in the shop at the corner of Bath Street and New Street.
But what brought Joseph to Ilkeston?
The Ilkeston section of the Harrison, Harrod & Co Directory of 1860 includes a ‘James Haynes, ironmonger, oil merchant &c, of Bath Street’. This could have been Joseph’s elder brother who also followed in the family trade and who could have ‘pioneered’ a business at the Bath Street premises, although he appears to have lived in his home town of Alfreton throughout the 1860’s.
On the 1861 census James is at Church St, Alfreton, trading as an ironmonger. However at this Station Road corner in Ilkeston is 25-year-old Alfred Beeston, listed as an ironmonger’s assistant … most probably employed by James. Ten years earlier both James and Alfred were together, serving as apprentices for the iron founder and ironmonger James Mellard in Rugeley, Staffordshire.
At Alfreton James had married his first wife Mary England, daughter of Alfreton saddler Joseph and Fanny Elizabeth (nee Mee), in May 1854. Less than four years later, in January 1858, Mary died, and in June of the following year Joseph married Sarah England, younger sister of Mary.
Two daughters — Florence Grace and Lillian Mary — were born to the couple before Sarah died in December 1866, followed by James a little less than a year later.
The England sisters had a younger brother also born in Alfreton, the pianist and ‘professor of music’ blind Joseph England who was living in Ilkeston throughout most of the 1860’s .. and, from 1863, with his wife Maria Brassington England (nee Mayer). The orphaned sisters Florence and Lillian were initially taken in by their uncle.
We shall meet Blind Joseph England later in Nottingham Road.
Joseph Haynes died on February 29th 1880, aged 39, leaving his widow Ann with two children – William Joseph and Harold Arthur. (Son Laurence Starkey Hayes had died in 1875, aged 5).
Ann continued to trade at the same premises, helped by her two sons, and she died there in 1901.
As a post-script to this Society, the founder Thomas Smith died at Bradley near Bilston, Staffordshire, in September 1883.
And now let’s go more into New Street (Station Road).